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Transplantation Center
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Our Doctors

David Mulligan MDDavid C. Mulligan, MD, FACS

Director
Yale-New Haven Transplantation Center

Chief, Section of Transplantation and Immunology Department of Surgery
Professor of Surgery
Yale School of Medicine

Adult Liver Program
Pediatric Liver Program
Adult Kidney Program
Pediatric Kidney Program
Kidney/Pancreas/Vascular Access Program

Dr. David Mulligan, an acclaimed abdominal organ transplant surgeon from the Mayo Clinic and a passionate leader in organ donation, has been appointed chief of the Section of Transplantation and Immunology, director of the Yale-New Haven Transplantation Center (YNHTC), and professor of surgery at Yale School of Medicine.

Dr. Mulligan is also a liver transplant specialist with international acclaim for his work in living-donor liver transplantation.Dr. Mulligan spent 15 years with the Mayo Clinic in Arizona and, as a result, brings a wealth of experience, including his involvement in the establishment of a solid organ transplant program. He worked with a team that is famous for steroid-sparing immunosuppression, protocol biopsies to study early inflammatory markers that lead to chronic kidney damage, and the use of donor kidneys with acute kidney injury for successful transplantation. Collaboratively, Dr. Mulligan and his colleagues performed nearly 3,000 solid organ transplants with outstanding clinical outcomes.

As a researcher, Dr. Mulligan has been a principle investigator in multiple trials, including studies on diabetes mellitus and hepatitis C virus, as well as donor and recipient outcomes in living donor transplantations.

He is a devoted champion for organ donations on a national scale. This year he serves as chair of the Liver and Transplant Committee for United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS). Dr. Mulligan is also councilor for the American Society of Transplant Surgeons, and is a member of the American Surgical Society.

Dr. Mulligan received his medical degree from the University of Louisville, where he also completed his internship in general surgery and his residency in urologic surgery. He completed his residency in general surgery from Case Western Reserve University and his fellowship in multi-organ transplantation from Baylor University Medical Center/

 

William S. Asch, MD, PhD

Adult Kidney Program

Dr. Asch received both his medical degree, and his PhD in molecular biology and biochemistry from the State University of New York at Stony Brook. He did his residency in internal medicine, along with his fellowship in nephrology at Yale School of Medicine; and was awarded the National Kidney Foundation Fellowship Training Award. Dr. Asch is a member of the American Society of Nephrology, the National Kidney Foundation and is Board Certified in both Internal Medicine and Nephrology. He is also an Assistant Professor of Medicine at Yale School of Medicine.

Dr. Asch's primary research focus has been in the area of genetics and hypertension and given that hypertension is one of the primary causes of renal failure, his involvement in studies provides him with a better understanding of the cause of this relationship. His hope is that this understanding will someday lead to pharmaceutical discoveries that will lessen the probability of hypertension's progression to kidney failure.

Dr. Asch's clinical area of concentration is in the care of patients whom have undergone kidney and pancreas transplants. He also participates in the pre-transplant evaluations of those patients prior to them being listed on the National Waitlist for transplant. Dr. Asch plays a large part in the Living Donor evaluation of those interested in donating a kidney. He sits on both the Donor Advocacy Panel and the Medical Review Board for Kidney/Pancreas Transplant at Yale School of Medicine.


Margaret Bia, MD

Adult Kidney Program

Dr. Bia received her medical degree from Cornell University Medical College. She completed her residency in internal medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and fellowship training in nephrology at the University of Pennsylvania and Yale School of Medicine, where she currently serves as professor of internal medicine and nephrology with over 25 years of experience in transplant medicine.

Dr. Bia is the former director of transplant nephrology at Yale-New Haven Hospital. While she still an active member of the transplant team, she is also in charge of clinical skill training at the medical school. She is actively involved in evaluating many kidney donors and transplant recipients and cares for many patients after transplant. Dr. Bia's areas of interest include post-transplant complications with emphasis on post-transplant bone disease.

She has been honored by the Connecticut branch of the National Kidney Foundation as a "Pioneer in Transplantation," and has authored over 90 original publications as well as many book chapters in the area of nephrology and transplant.

Dr. Bia served for six years as the transplant expert on the American Board of Internal Medicine, developing examinations for certification in nephrology; she continues to serve on the board today writing material for recertification.
 

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Pramod Bonde, MD

Heart Transplantation Program

Dr. Pramod Bonde is the surgical director of mechanical circulatory support at Yale-New Haven Hospital. He specializes in adult cardiac surgery, including surgical therapies for coronary artery disease, valvular heart disease and heart failure. During very successful stints at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and UPMC, he accrued an extensive record of outstanding clinical outcomes in cardiac transplantation and left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation as bridge-to-transplant and destination therapies. Dr. Bonde was one of the first surgeons to demonstrate the benefits of less invasive approaches for coronary artery bypass grafting over a decade ago before it became a routine practice. Dr. Bonde established the first mechanical circulatory support program in his hospital during his stay in the United Kingdom.

Dr. Bonde has built a strong academic portfolio with more than 180 papers and presentations at national and international meetings. He has the rare distinction of being awarded the Willem Koleff/Don B Olsen award from the American Society of Artificial Internal Organs (ASAIO) and the Sezai award from the International Society of Rotary Blood pumps (ISRBP) for innovation in the development of LVAD technology. His current research focus is on the development of LVAD devices for cardiac recovery and developing platforms for minimally invasive cardiac surgery.

Dr. Bonde received his medical degree from the University of Bombay.
 

 

Cary A. Caldwell, MD

Adult Liver Program

Dr. Caldwell received his medical degree from University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and completed his internship and residency at Yale School of Medicine. After serving a fellowship in gastroenterology and hepatology at University of Michigan Medical Center, Dr. Caldwell joined the faculty at Washington University School of Medicine as an assistant professor in transplant hepatology and medical co-director of liver transplantation at Barnes Hospital-Washington University School of Medicine.

Dr. Caldwell is an assistant clinical professor of internal medicine at Yale School of Medicine and has served as a member of the Yale-New Haven Liver Transplant Program. He maintains a private practice in the New Haven area with a specific focus on patients with cirrhosis in need of transplantation.

A recipient of the Dr. Vincent Deluca Award for Outstanding Teacher of Gastroenterology Fellows at Yale School of Medicine, Dr. Caldwell treats patients with a variety of liver disorders including hepatitis C, hepatocellular carcinoma, alcohol cirrhosis, steatohepatitis, hepatitis B, hemochromatosis, autoimmunity, primary biliary cirrhosis and cryptogenic cirrhosis.

Dr. Caldwell's research and publications focus on hepatic reperfusion injury, cytokines in liver disease, alcohol liver disease, fulminant hepatic failure, recurrent hepatitis C post-liver transplantation, hepatitis B association with Hodgkin's lymphoma, and the screening of hepatocellular carcinoma.

Thomas Eisen, MD

Adult Kidney Program

Dr. Eisen received his medical degree from New York University. He did his residency at Parkland Memorial Hospital, Southwestern medical School. He did his fellowship in nephrology at Yale-New Haven Hospital. Dr. Eisen is Board Certified in both Internal Medicine and Nephrology.


 

Udeme Ekong, MD, MPH

Pediatric Hepatology and Liver Transplantation

Udeme Ekong

Dr. Ekong is the medical director of the pediatric hepatology and liver transplantation program at Yale-New Haven Children’s Hospital. Dr Ekong, a triple-boarded pediatric gastroenterologist and transplant hepatologist, trained and practiced at Lurie Children’s Hospital, Chicago, one of the nation’s premier pediatric liver transplant programs. In Chicago, she was responsible for the care of babies and children with a wide variety of liver diseases. Dr Ekong went to medical school in Nigeria, and did her pediatric residency training in the United Kingdom and New York. She completed her pediatric gastroenterology fellowship training at Columbia Presbyterian, New York and her transplant hepatology fellowship at Lurie Children's Hospital, Chicago. Dr Ekong is a recognized authority in pediatric hepatology and pediatric liver transplantation, and holds a leadership position in the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (NASPGHAN).


Sukru H. Emre, MD, FACS

Adult Liver Program
Pediatric Liver Program

Dr. Emre received his medical degree from the University of Istanbul where he also completed a residency in general surgery. His clinical post-doctoral training includes completion of a hepatobiliary surgery fellowship at the University of Istanbul and a transplant fellowship at the Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York. He also completed two transplantation research fellowships, one at SUNY Health Science Center at Brooklyn and another at the Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York. He holds a foreign board certification in general surgery and is a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons.

Dr. Emre is an expert in adult and pediatric liver transplantations. He has performed more than 1,500 liver transplants, of which the youngest patient was 16 days old and the oldest was 75 years old. His special interests are performing split-liver transplants (dividing a liver between two recipients thus saving two lives) and living donor transplants which involves transplanting a portion of a donor's healthy liver. He is also expert in hepato-biliary surgery including resection for liver cancer, portal hypertension surgery, repair of complex bile duct injuries and Kasai procedure for biliary atresia. Dr. Emre's research interests include acute liver failure, biliary atresia and rare cholestatic diseases in children, and transplanting adult patients with hepatitis B, C and liver cancer.
 

Richard N. Formica, Jr., MD

Adult Kidney Program

Dr. Formica is director of Transplant Nephrology and Outpatient Transplantation Service at Yale-New Haven Hospital and an associate professor of medicine and surgery at Yale School of Medicine. Dr. Formica also serves as the primary United Network of Organ Sharing (UNOS) physician for the kidney and pancreas transplantation service, and primary renal consultant for the liver transplantation service.

Dr. Formica's clinical activity is entirely focused on the care of patients with kidney and pancreas transplants. He evaluates patients to determine medical suitability for organ transplantation as well as medical suitability for organ donation. He provides the medical follow up and immunosuppression maintenance for over 1,000 kidney transplant recipients. He is also responsible for developing the outpatient clinic and the new outpatient treatment facility.

Dr. Formica is chairman of the donor advocacy panel and is co-chairman of the medical review board at Yale School of Medicine. He is a member of the board of directors for the Connecticut chapter of the National Kidney Foundation where he also serves as a member of its medical advisory board. Dr. Formica is also a member of the medical advisory board of the Connecticut Chapter of the Lupus Foundation of America.

Dr. Formica is the principle investigator of both National Institutes of Health and pharmaceutical industry-sponsored clinical research trials. His current research interests are in the area of immune monitoring.

He received his B.A. from Boston University and M.D. from Boston University School of Medicine. He completed his internship and residency in internal medicine at Boston University Hospital/Boston City Hospital. He served as a chief medical resident at Boston City Hospital prior to his fellowship in nephrology at Yale School of Medicine.

Daniel R. Goldstein, MD

Heart Transplantation Program

Dr. Goldstein received his medical degree from St. George's Medical School in London, England. He served his residency in internal medicine at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center and his fellowhips in cardiology and heart failure/ transplantation at University of Alabama.
Dr. Goldstein is an associate professor of internal medicine at Yale School of Medicine.
His clinical interests include cardiology and heart failure/cardiac transplantation. In addition, Dr. Goldstein is studying the role of innate immunity in organ transplantation


Julie Goodwin, MD

Pediatric Kidney Program

Dr. Goodwin is an associate research scientist in pediatric nephrology at Yale School of Medicine. She maintains board certification in pediatrics. Dr. Goodwin received her bachelor's degree from Dartmouth College and her medical degree from Boston University School of Medicine. She trained in general pediatrics at Georgetown University Hospital and Pediatric Nephrology at Yale School of Medicine.

Dr. Goodwin's clinical interests are in acid-base disturbances, fluid and electrolyte disorders, hematuria, proteinuria, hypertension, nephrotic syndrome, hemolytic uremic syndrome, chronic renal failure, end-stage renal disease, renal replacement therapy and renal transplantation. Her research interests are glucocorticoid-induced hypertension and vascular biology. 


Sanjay Kulkarni, MD

Adult Liver Program
Pediatric Liver Program
Adult Kidney Program
Pediatric Kidney Program
Kidney/Pancreas/Vascular Access Program


Dr. Kulkarni is a multi-organ transplant surgeon specializing in kidney, pancreas and liver transplants. He is the current director of kidney transplant, pancreas transplant and dialysis access services at Yale-New Haven Transplantation Center (YNHTC).

Dr. Kulkarni has developed a multidisciplinary approach to the complete management of the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) population, starting with close communication with referring physicians regarding dialysis access needs, through patients transplant evaluation and ultimately their transplant.

Dr. Kulkarni is responsible for the total laparoscopic kidney donation program at Yale-New Haven Hospital--the only center in Connecticut to provide this service, regardless of kidney anatomy.

Dr. Kulkarni received his M.D. from Medical College of Wisconsin and completed his general surgery training at the University of Chicago, followed by two additional years of transplant research involving single-chain antibody formation and programmed cell death. Dr. Kulkarni served a two-year fellowship in multi-organ transplant surgery at the University of Chicago, with additional living donor liver transplantation experience at the renowned University of Essen Transplant Program. During his transplant surgery fellowship he was accepted into an NIH-funded clinical research training program.

Dr. Kulkarni is a member of the Vascular Biology & Transplant consortium at Yale University and is a participant in investigations looking at animal models of vascular remodeling following ischemic injury. These studies have important implication to kidney transplant patients and how their transplants change over time.


Forrester A. Lee, MD

Medical Director of the Heart Transplantation Program

Dr. Forrester Lee received his medical degree from Yale School of Medicine. He served his residency in internal medicine and fellowship in cardiology at Yale-New Haven Hospital.

Dr. Lee specializes in clinical cardiology and heart failure/cardiac transplantation. He is a professor of cardiology and heart failure transplant at Yale School of Medicine. In addition, Dr. Lee is assistant dean, multicultural affairs at Yale School of Medicine.


Joseph K. Lim, MD

Adult Liver Program

Dr. Lim is a gastroenterologist and hepatologist specializing in general transplant hepatology, and serves as director of the Yale Viral Hepatitis Program. Dr. Lim has developed a multidisciplinary approach to addressing the unique needs of patients with chronic hepatitis B and hepatitis C infection, and the consequences of liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension. This program represents the only dedicated center in Connecticut providing comprehensive care for patients with viral hepatitis, and offers patient education, standardized treatment protocols, and numerous clinical trials investigating novel approaches to drug therapy.

Dr. Lim received his medical degree from Northwestern University Medical School and completed his internship and residency in internal medicine at Yale-New Haven Hospital. He completed a clinical and research fellowship in gastroenterology and hepatology at Stanford University Medical Center. Dr. Lim has served in various leadership roles, including national chair of the resident/fellow section of the American College of Physicians and section editor of Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). He is a peer reviewer for several journals, including Annals of Internal Medicine, Journal of General Internal Medicine, American Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal of Hepatology, Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, and Hepatology.

Dr. Lim's primary research interests are focused on the epidemiology, natural history, and health outcomes in viral hepatitis and alcoholic and non-alcoholic fatty liver disorders.


Stephen Luczycki, MD

Adult Liver Program


Abeel A. Mangi, MD

Surgical Director, Center for Advanced Heart Failure, Mechanical Circulatory Support and Heart Transplantation.

Dr. Abeel A. Mangi specializes in complex and re-operative cardiac surgery, heart, heart-lung, and lung transplantation, ventricular assist devices, total artificial hearts, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), operations for heart failure, aortic and mitral valve repair and replacement, off-pump coronary bypass grafting, myectomy and the surgical treatment of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, treatment of chronic pulmonary emboli, and ascending aortic and arch replacement.

As principal or co-investigator in several clinical trials and studies, Dr. Mangi has focused his research efforts on his specialty interests, including the surgical treatment of ischemic heart failure, cellular therapy to treat advanced heart damage and rotary blood pumps, such as the Levitronix, Duraheart and HeartMate II devices. He is also interested in the management of patients who are highly sensitized prior to thoracic organ transplantation.

Dr. Mangi earned his undergraduate and medical degrees from Brown University. After completing his residency in general surgery at the Massachusetts General Hospital & Harvard Medical School, he completed his residency in cardiac surgery at Columbia University. He is certified by the American Board of Thoracic Surgery and the American Board of Surgery; and he is an assistant professor of surgery at Yale School of Medicine.

Dr. Mangi serves on multiple national and international committees, scientific advisory boards, and has been elected to membership and fellowship in the most esteemed organizations in his field including the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation, The American College of Cardiology, The Society for Thoracic Surgeons, The Society of University Surgeons, and The American College of Surgeons.


Wajahat Z. Mehal, MD

Adult Liver Program

Dr. Mehal is a board-certified transplant hepatologist with an active research group focusing on the role of the immune system in many liver diseases. Dr. Mehal received his medical degree from the University of Oxford, with residency and fellowship training at Yale-New Haven Hospital. He completed his advanced liver transplantation training at Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York. In addition, Dr. Mehal received a Transplant Hepatology Certificate of Added Qualification in 2006.

Dr. Mehal manages patients with a wide range of liver diseases, and has a special interest in the management of hepatitis C infection in the setting of end-stage renal diseases. In addition to his clinical work Dr. Mehal has a basic science laboratory funded by the NIH to identify signals from dying hepatocytes which stimulate immune injury and liver fibrosis.


Pramod Mistry, MD, PhD

Pediatric Liver Program

Dr. Mistry is chief of pediatric liver diseases and gastroenterology at Yale-New Haven Children's Hospital and professor of pediatrics and internal medicine at Yale School of Medicine.Dr. Mistry, a hepatologist, is internationally recognized for his expertise in pulmonary hypertension and Gaucher's disease. Dr. Mistry's clinical interest also include acute and chronic liver diseases, hepatitis C and B, liver transplantation, lysosomal storage diseases, Wilson's disease, adult genetic liver diseases, and hemochromatosis.

Since coming to Yale in 2001, Dr. Mistry developed a new inherited metabolic liver disease clinic at Yale-New Haven Hospital to which patients come for treatment from across the nation.

Dr. Mistry received his medical degree from Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine, University of London. He completed his residency at Royal Free Hospital and his fellowship at Addenbrooke's Hospital in Cambridge, England.


Michael Nathanson, MD, PhD

Adult Liver Program

Dr. Nathanson is chief and professor of digestive diseases and hepatology at Yale-New Haven Hospital and Yale School of Medicine. Dr. Nathanson received his medical degree from Case Western Reserve School of Medicine. He served his residency in internal medicine at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center and fellowship in digestive diseases at Yale. Dr. Nathanson's clinical interests include inpatient care related to hepatology, gastroenterology and hemochromatosis.


Dinesh Pashankar, MD

Pediatric Liver Program

Dr. Pashankar is associate professor of pediatric gastroenterology and hepatology at Yale School of Medicine. He received his bachelor of medicine and bachelor of surgery degrees from University of Poona, India and served his residency in pediatrics at Sasoon General Hospital. He completed his fellowship in pediatric gastroenterology and hepatology at British Columbia Children's Hospital.

Dr. Pashankar's clinical interests include gastroesophageal reflux disease, chronic constipation, encopresis, and inflammatory bowel disease.


Manuel Rodriguez-Davalos, MD


Adult Liver Program
Pediatric Liver Program
Adult Kidney Program
Pediatric Kidney Program
Kidney/Pancreas/Vascular Access Program


Dr. Rodriguez-Davalos received his medical degree from Anahuac University and graduated with honors from the National University of Mexico in 1996. During medical school, Dr. Rodriguez-Davalos took part in the William J. Harrington Latin American Training Program at the University of Miami's Jackson Memorial Medical Center. He also completed a year of research in Portal Hypertension and Hepatobiliary Surgery at INNSZ, which is part of National Institutes of Health System in Mexico.

Dr. Rodriguez-Davalos returned to the United States for residency, completing his surgical training at the Mayo Clinic Hospital in Scottsdale, AZ. In 2003, Dr. Rodriguez-Davalos began a two-year clinical fellowship in multi-organ transplant surgery including liver, kidney, pancreas, and intestinal transplantations at Mount Sinai Medical Center under the mentorship of Dr. Sukru Emre.

After his fellowship, he joined the New York Medical College as assistant professor of surgery, where he influential in the development of the Pediatric Transplant Program.

His current research projects involve quality-of-life issues for patients after liver transplantation and hepatocellular carcinoma. His other clinical interests include LDLT, portal hypertension, Meso-Rex bypass, and minimally invasive and robotic hepatopancreatobiliary surgery.

During his time in New York, Dr. Rodriguez-Davalos was a member of the of the New Organ Donor Network, the Latino Organization for Liver Awareness, the Membership Committee of the American Society of Transplant Surgeons, the American Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association, and the DCD sub committee-NYODN.

Michael Schilsky, MD

Medical Director, Transplant Hepatology

Adult Liver Program

Dr. Schilsky became medical director of liver transplantation at Yale-New Haven Hospital in 2007, with appointments in medicine and surgery at the Yale School of Medicine. Dr. Schilsky received his medical degree from the University of Chicago, Pritzker School of Medicine. He completed his residency and fellowship in gastroenterology and research training in liver diseases at Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center. Dr. Schilsky also received a Transplant Hepatology Certificate of Added Qualification in 2006. His clinical and research interests include transplant hepatology, inherited metabolic disorders of the liver, Wilson disease, hepatocellular carcinoma and hemochromatosis.

Dr. Schilsky previously served as director of the liver medicine clinic at the Recanati/Miller Transplantation Institute at Mount Sinai Medical Center and medical director for liver transplantation at the New York Weill Cornell Medical Center , where he developed a comprehensive program for the care and evaluation of liver transplant patients. Dr. Schilsky coauthored the AASLD practice guidelines for Wilson disease and is author of numerous original manuscripts and reviews.


Douglas Smith, MD

Adult Kidney Program


Hossam Tantawy, MD

Adult Liver Program


George Tellides, MD

Administrative Director of the Heart Transplantation Program

Dr. George Tellides received his medical degree from the University of Witwatersrand, South Africa and PhD from the University of Oxford, England. He served his residency in general surgery at Yale-New Haven Hospital and clinical fellowship in cardiothoracic surgery at Brigham and Women's Hospital.

Dr. Tellides serves as an associate professor of cardiothoracic surgery at Yale School of Medicine, is Chief of Cardiothoracic Surgery at the VA Hospital, West Haven, specializes in cardiothoracic surgery, and has a research interest in graft arteriosclerosis and other forms of immune-mediated vascular remodeling.



Peter Steven Yoo, MD

Adult Kidney Program
Adult Liver Program

Dr. Yoo is a board-certified surgeon who specializes in abdominal organ transplantation in children and adults. He is appointed as Assistant Professor in the Department of Surgery at Yale School of Medicine.

A native of New York, Dr. Yoo was an undergraduate at Dartmouth College and earned his medical degree at SUNY Stony Brook School of Medicine. He served as intern, resident, and administrative chief resident in the Department of Surgery at Yale. During residency, he performed a post-doctoral research fellowship examining mediators of angiogenesis in hepatic malignancy and obtained funding from the National Institutes of Health for his work. After residency, Dr. Yoo took advanced training in organ transplantation at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania and the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.

He specializes in the care of patients with end-stage organ failure including transplantation, post-transplantation immunosuppression, and management of transplant-related infections. At Yale, he is a member of both the liver and kidney live donor transplant teams. Dr. Yoo has expertise in minimally invasive surgery including total laparoscopic donor nephrectomy and is Director of Yale's program in paired kidney exchange. Aside from transplantation, Dr. Yoo's clinical interests include the care of both children and adults with tumors, injuries, and other disorders of the liver and bile ducts, surgical care of patients with polycystic kidneys, and general surgery in pre- and post-transplant patients.

Dr. Yoo's research interests include renal function in patients with liver disease, strategies to refine the determination of compatibility between organs and recipients, and understanding geographic variations in patterns of organ donation. He also directs the educational program in transplantation for medical students and surgical trainees.

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