Skip to main content
Find a DoctorGet Care Now
Skip to main content
Search icon magnifying glass








Pregnant or Planning to Become Pregnant? Here’s What You Need to Know about the COVID-19 Vaccine


Pregnant women may be at an increased risk for developing more severe cases of COVID-19, and if they contract the illness, they could face complications such as pre-term birth. You may be wondering if it’s safe to get the vaccine.

Is the vaccine safe for pregnancy?

The available data shows that the COVID vaccine is safe. The CDC, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine all recommend pregnant and lactating people get the COVID-19 vaccine in order to protect against infection. A booster dose is also recommended for pregnant patients and anyone who was recently pregnant.

“As more data emerges, it has become clear the vaccine is safe and effective for our pregnant patients. We recommend everyone who is eligible, including pregnant patients, to get vaccinated, especially as new variants spread in our communities,” said Christian Pettker, MD, chief of obstetrics at Yale New Haven Hospital.

Ob/Gyn Romelle Maloney, MD, of Northeast Medical Group, said when patients are considering the vaccine, it’s important for them to understand that they’re at an increased risk for developing more severe cases of COVID-19, which could include needing ICU care.

“Follow the science. We know that this virus causes severe disease in pregnant women. Three times as much as people who are not pregnant,” Dr. Maloney said.

In addition, data suggests the vaccine may also be beneficial for the baby. A study in The American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology studied pregnant and lactating women. Antibodies were discovered in umbilical cord blood and breast milk, which indicates the vaccine may offer protection to both the mother and baby.

Is the vaccine safe if I want to become pregnant?

The COVID-19 vaccine is also recommended for patients who plan to become pregnant in the future. As with any new scientific breakthrough, the vaccine is the target of misinformation. If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are currently breastfeeding it is important that you speak with your doctor who can provide you with the latest information surrounding the vaccine in order to avoid misinformation.

Safety data reported to the FDA for both the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines show the same numbers of people got pregnant in the vaccine group as the placebo group during clinical trials. Among the people who got pregnant in both studies, there were only a few adverse pregnancy outcomes, and those participants were in the placebo group and did not receive the actual vaccine.

“Some may be worried the vaccine could impact fertility, especially for those women who are trying to get pregnant right now. But the research shows that the vaccine did not negatively impact pregnancy outcomes for those involved in the trial and there is no scientific basis for such rumors,” Dr. Pettker said.

COVID-19 safety for pregnant patients

If you are pregnant and get the vaccine, you should still continue to follow infection prevention protocols. According to the CDC, pregnant patients can help reduce their risk of exposure by limiting their interactions with people who might have been exposed to COVID-19 and wearing a mask in crowded spaces. In addition, pregnant patients should get vaccinated against the flu and stay up to date with all necessary healthcare appointments.