Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery

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Our Children's Heart Center offers comprehensive medical, interventional and surgical treatments of pediatric cardiac conditions including heart murmurs, congenital heart disease, atrial and ventricular septal defects (hole in heart), congestive heart disease and heart failure. Treatment is provided to newborns, children and adults. Our compassionate team is highly skilled to meet the unique needs of our patients. The team consists of pediatric cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, neonatologists, cardiac anesthesiologists, critical care physicians, advanced practice and registered nurses. Together they provide a customized care plan for each patient.

Our pediatric cardiologists and cardiac surgeons are leading experts and innovators in many areas including fetal cardiology, echocardiography, therapeutic cardiac catheterization procedures, heart rhythm disorders, cardiomyopathy, cardiogenetics and adult congenital heart disease. In fact, the Children's Heart Center is the first and only program in Connecticut to offer transcatheter pulmonary heart valve replacement procedure, a non-surgical alternative to open-heart surgery. We are proud to be certified by UNOS to offer pediatric heart transplant and a mechanical cardiac assist device program.

Yale New Haven Children's Hospital is equipped with a dedicated 24/7 pediatric cardiac intensive care unit (PCICU), the state's only pediatric catheterization lab and pediatric cardiac operating room.

The pediatric cardiac intensive care unit is a six-bed designated unit within Yale New Haven Children’s Hospital. This unit is the only dedicated pediatric cardiac ICU in the state of Connecticut, providing cutting edge therapies for children with cardiac concerns. Our pediatric cardiac critical care team follows an innovative clinical model, referred to as an "adaptive care model". This model provides continuity of care by allowing our same team of cardiologists, advanced practice providers and specially trained cardiac nurses to care for your child throughout their stay until the time of discharge. This skilled team specializes in a variety of treatment options to care for patients with congenital heart defects and other cardiac anomalies requiring intervention.

Learn more about cardiology at Yale New Haven Children's Hospital

Learn more about cardiac surgery at Yale New Haven Children's Hospital

Programs and Services

Adult Congenital Heart Disease Program

This multidisciplinary program encompasses the full spectrum of care and provides continuity for adults living with congenital heart disease.

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Advanced Congenital Cardiac Imaging

The Children’s Heart Center performs more than 300 congenital cardiac MRI and CT scans annually to diagnose and monitor acquired and congenital heart conditions. State-of-the-art equipment along with expert technique obtain accurate imaging of heart structure and function. Highly specialized nuclear medicine studies may also be performed to help diagnose patients with more complex heart disease, including coronary defects that are present at birth known as congenital coronary abnormalities.

Watch our video about advanced congenital cardiac imaging

Aortopathy Program

Our Aortopathy Program team monitors and cares for infants, children and teenagers with bicuspid aortic valve disease, which is when two of the leaflets of the aortic valve fuse together during development in the womb. Aortic enlargement and other connective tissue disorders are also monitored through this program. Providers work with cardiac imaging, genetic counseling and testing, and interventionists to evaluate and create a custom treatment plan for each patient.

Cardiac Anesthesia and Perfusion Services

Our team has dedicated and highly skilled pediatric anesthesiologists and perfusonists that specialize in supporting the pediatric cardiac patient. They have special training that provides for the safest care and most positive outcomes during your child’s surgical procedure.

Cardiomyopathy, Heart Failure and Ventricular Assisted Device (VAD), Transplant Programs

Cardiomyopathy Program

Pediatric heart failure specialists team up with pediatric cardiologists to provide management and coordinated treatment options for infants to teenage patients with cardiomyopathy. In addition to cardiologists, this program includes nutritionists, pharmacists, geneticists and behavioral health specialists to comprise an individualized care plan.

Heart Failure and Ventricular Assisted Device (VAD) Program

Our Heart Failure and VAD Program comprises a team of world-class surgeons, cardiologists, nurse practitioners, nurse coordinators and nurses who specialize in heart failure management and subsequent advanced medical care such as mechanical circulatory support or ventricular assistive devices (VADs). VADs also known as “artificial hearts”, are an option for some patients who are experiencing heart failure and waiting for a transplant or for their heart to get better. 

VADs can be offered and used in infants all the way to adult-sized pediatric patients. We offer devices such as:

  • Berlin Heart
  • Heartmate 3

Transplant Program

The cardiac transplant team of specially trained cardiologists, surgeons, nurse practitioners, transplant nurse coordinators and critical care trained nurses, partner with members from pharmacy, nutrition, social work, child life, behavioral health, immunology and infectious disease to provide heart transplantation to our youngest of patients. We are proud to be the only Children’s Hospital in Connecticut to provide pediatric heart transplant and mechanical circulatory support program for children with end stage heart failure. By delivering expert evaluation, management and treatment at one location, our Children’s Heart Center offers children and their family’s access to a full range of medical and surgical care for heart failure closer to home. Adults with congenital heart disease needing heart transplantation will receive the best possible care through a collaboration of pediatric and adult heart transplantation physicians and surgeons. 

Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation Service

Pediatric cardiologists, respiratory therapists, physical therapists and occupational therapist work together with the goal of the best outcomes for patients after treatment for heart and lung injury, disease or malformation.

Cardiovascular Genetics Program

Experts in pediatric and adult cardiology, along with genetics, evaluate and treat families with genetic heart conditions. The team employs cutting edge research and evaluation techniques to provide specialized treatments for management of children and entire families that may have genetic conditions affecting their heart. 

Learn more about Cardiogenetics.

Chest Wall Deformities Program

Our multidisciplinary team comprised of cardiothoracic surgeons, pediatric surgeons, pain specialists, anesthesiologists, nurse practitioners and physical therapists offer evaluation and treatment for patients with simple and complex chest wall deformities such as pectus excavatum or pectus carinatum. Each patient is provided with a coordinated individualized care plan.


The Pediatric Echocardiography Laboratory provides state-of-the-art, non-invasive assessments of cardiac anatomy and physiology in an environment specially designed with children and their families in mind.

The Echocardiography Lab, accredited by the Intersocietal Accreditation Commission, performs more than 6,000 studies annually, including fetal imaging, 3D imaging and intra-cardiac approaches. Pediatric cardiologists and pediatric cardiac sonographers collaborate to provide the highest quality and safest care to our patients.

Exercise Physiology

We offer a highly trained team that will help provide certain exercises, like running on a treadmill to assist in assessing how your heart functions and how it will respond in certain situations. 

Fetal Cardiology

Pediatric cardiologists perform fetal echocardiograms and consultations for women whose pregnancy may be affected by congenital heart disease or arrhythmia. Our fetal cardiologists collaborate with a multidisciplinary team at the Fetal Care Center, including physicians from maternal-fetal medicine, perinatal medicine, and pediatric cardiothoracic surgery, as well as social work and genetic counselors. This special team will help identify causes and treatments of your baby before they are born and understand how it may impact you and your family.

Learn more about our Fetal Care Center 

Interventional Cardiac Catheterization Program

Yale New Haven Children’s Hospital’s team of Yale Medicine interventional cardiologists perform cardiac catheterizations on patients from childhood through to adulthood with congenital heart disease. 

Along with performing procedures such as closures of atrial septal defect, patent foramen ovale and patent ductus arteriosus, we are the only program in the state that offers minimally invasive cardiac catheterization for premature infants. 

The lab is the first and only congenital cardiac catheterization laboratory in Connecticut to offer transcatheter pulmonary valve replacements, including the Melody and Edwards valves. 

Our team has expertise in nonsurgical transcatheter treatment of aortic and pulmonary valve stenosis, coarctation of the aorta, intravascular stent placement for narrowed arteries and vessels and blood vessel coil occlusion. Our interventional team also works collaboratively with our pediatric cardiothoracic surgeons to deliver the most innovative hybrid procedures.

Pediatric Electrophysiology / Cardiac Arrhythmia Program

Specially trained pediatric cardiologists who specialize in electrophysiology help identify, monitor and provide treatment for premature infants to adults who have abnormal heart rhythms. The program offers a wide array of diagnostic and treatment options including home monitoring, medication management, pacemaker implantation and ablation procedures to help correct those diagnosed. 

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Surgeons Fix A Tiny Heart

Surgeons at Yale New Haven Children's Hospital used a minimally invasive procedure to find and correct a congenital defect in the heart of a newborn.

alex and mom

Alex's Story

Alex came to Yale New Haven Children's Hospital with severe congestive heart failure. Eventually he received a heart transplant. Follow his journey.